The Breaking of Bread
Luke the beloved physician and inspired historian states “And they continued stedfastly in the apostles’ teaching and fellowship, in the breaking of bread (Emp. BB) and the prayers” (Acts 2:42). What a wonderful admiring comment to have said about those new converts! Notice they were not idle but continued steadfast, if we are going to be like the early church we must be of the same mind.
The breaking of bread is not a mere common meal but something much more important. Let us not over the article “the”. This is talking about the observance of the Lord’s Supper. Let us note Acts 2:46 “And day by day, continuing stedfastly with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread at home, they took their food with gladness and singleness of heart”. This is talking about a common meal.
Breaking the Bread is synecdoche (a part for the whole) and it stands for both emblems of the Lord’s Supper (fruit of the vine and unleavened bread). Matthew 26:26-28 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and broke it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink you “all” (Emp. BB) of it; For this is my blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. Please note that all of the disciples were to drink of the cup.
The inspired historian also gives us a record of when they partook of the Lord’s Supper. “And upon the first day of the week (Emp. BB), when we were gathered together to break bread, Paul discoursed with them, intending to depart on the morrow; and prolonged his speech until midnight” (Acts 20:7). When we study the context of Acts 20 we realize that the Apostle Paul knew that there would be a day in which the disciples would meet and that day was the first day of the week which is Sunday. And on that day they remembered the Lord through the breaking of bread.
When we (Christians) partake of the communion we are remembering the death, burial, and resurrection of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. We remember His life, and what He has done for all of humanity granting us a way to be redeemed.